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[Latin, One who attends something to view it as a spectator or witness.] Any person who is given an absolute power to judge and rule on a matter in dispute.

An arbiter is usually chosen or appointed by parties or by a court on their behalf. The decision of an arbiter is made according to therules of lawandEquity. The arbiter is distinguished from the arbitrator, who proceeds at his or her own discretion, so that the decision is made according to the judgment of a reasonable person.An arbiter may perform the same function as an umpire, a person who decides a controversy when arbitrators cannot agree.

n. in some jurisdictions the name for a referee appointed by the court to decide a question and report back to the court which must confirm the arbiters finding before it is binding on the parties.

ARBITER. One who, decides without any control. A judge with the most extensive arbitrary powers; an arbitrator.

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Opinion of the U.S. Supreme Court, June 13, 1966

Rerum suarum quilibet est moderator et arbiter

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