In every business relationship there is the potential for conflict over contractual agreements or business operations. When such conflicts arise, there is no need to incur the onerous expense and delays involved in traditional litigation. There are readily available alternative dispute resolution procedures that will enable you to resolve your disputes relatively quickly, fairly and cost-effectively.

Resolving international disputes demands special skills, experience and cultural sensitivity. Thats why thousands of attorneys and their clients turn to JAMS. We are a recognized leader in cross-border mediations and arbitrations, with resources wherever you or your clients do business.

Colleges and universities need to manage, resolve and prevent conflict. As a worldwide leader in dispute resolution, JAMS is singularly qualified to provide a comprehensive range of unique and effective solutions for problems facing students, faculty and administration.

The JAMS ADR blog serves to engage our clients, the legal community and the public in a discussion about alternative dispute resolution. As leaders in mediation, arbitration and more, we strive to remain at the forefront of legal developments, trends and news in areas of law that pertain to ADR.

With industry leading arbitration rules, JAMS is praised for a highly experienced panel with specialties in many key areas, multilingual case management capabilities, and unparalleled service. JAMS specializes in the resolution of international disputes and is one of the largest providers of commercial arbitration in the world.

Arbitration is the most traditional form of private dispute resolution. Arbitration is a binding procedure. It is often administered by a private organization that maintains lists of available arbitrators and provide rules under which the arbitration will be conducted. Such organizations can also manage the arbitration in whole or in part. Parties often select arbitrators on the basis of substantive expertise.

Arbitration is adjudicatory, as opposed to advisory, because of the fact that the arbitrator (usually a retired judge or attorney) renders a decision at the end of an arbitration hearing, and that decision is final and binding, subject only to a very limited court review. Arbitration is sometimes referred to as non-binding if the parties agree to make it so, but that is really a misnomer. Think of arbitration as a binding, adjudicatory process.

Most arbitration is driven by a pre-dispute contract entered into by the parties, in which they agree that if a dispute should arise, it will never get into the court system. The Federal Arbitration Act, coupled with the state arbitration law of the place of arbitration, generally governs the process. If the parties choose an administering authority, such as JAMS, that authoritys arbitration rules will govern the procedure that will be followed.

By agreeing to arbitration, the parties, perhaps among other things, are waiving their fundamental, constitutional right to a trial by a jury of their peers. They can have no de novo (second trial) after they have gone to arbitration. Unless otherwise agreed, the decision islegally bindingandnon-appealable, except in extremely limited circumstances, such as in the case of fraud or collusion on the part of the arbitrator.

In general the arbitrator is an impartial person chosen by the parties. The arbitrator reads briefs and documentary evidence, hears testimony, examines evidence and rendersan opinion on liability and damagesin the form of an award of the arbitrator after the hearing. Once confirmed by a court of appropriate jurisdiction, the award can be subsequently entered as a judgment.

Also known as Bracketed Arbitration. This is an arbitration wherein the parties have agreed in advance to the parameters within which the arbitrator may render his or her award. If the award is lower than the pre-set low, the defendant will pay the agreed-upon low figure; if the award is higher than the pre-set high, the plaintiff will accept the agreed-upon high; if the award is in between, the parties agree to be bound by the arbitrators figure. The high and low figuresmay or may not be revealedto the arbitrator.

A form of binding arbitration wherein each of the parties chooses one and only one number, and the arbitrator may select only one of the figures as the award. In a baseball arbitration, there are only two possible outcomes.

A procedure sometimes called non-binding arbitration is conducted much like a (binding) arbitration, except that when the arbitrator issues the award after the hearing, it isnot bindingon the parties and they do not give up their right to a jury trial. In that case, the arbitrators award is merely an advisory opinion. Many cases go to settlement or (binding) arbitration after this phase, or they can choose to go to a trial.

Also known as Judicial Arbitration or Court-Ordered Arbitration. A legislatively mandated or court administered scheme for the resolution of pending court cases (usually valued at under $50,000), utilizing informal rules of evidence and procedure in a non-binding, advisory arbitration process that is ordered by the court at an early stage of a lawsuit. The availability of this process depends upon local state laws or court procedures.

For more information, please call your local JAMS office at 1-.

JAMS successfully resolves business and legal disputes by providing efficient, cost-effective and impartial ways of overcoming barriers at any stage of conflict. JAMS offers customized dispute resolution services locally and globally through a combination of industry-specific experience, first-class client service, top-notch facilities and highly trained panelists.

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