is normally a person with more and deeperknowledgein a specific area and usually also includes persons with cross-functional and multidisciplinary expertise. An advisers role is that of a mentor or guide and differs categorically from that of a task-specific consultant. An adviser is typically part of the leadership, whereasconsultantsfulfill functional roles.

The spellingsadviserandadvisorhave both been in use since the 16th century.2Adviserhas always been the more usual spelling, thoughadvisorhas gained frequency in recent years and is a common alternative, especially in North America.34

The use ofadviseris of English origin, with er as a noun ending, andadvisorof Latin origin.5The words areand are considered interchangeable.

Usage of the two words is normally a matter of choice but they should not be used together in the same document. The Associated Press prefers (AP Stylebook) the use of adviser butVirginia Tech(style guide) gives preference to advisor stating, which is used more commonly in academe and Adviser is acceptable in releases going to organizations that follow AP style.6Purdue UniversityOffice of Marketing and Medias Editorial Style Guide gives preference to advisor.7TheEuropean Commissionuses adviser(s),8theUKhasSpecial advisers, as well as theScottish Government,9and theUnited NationsusesSpecial Advisers. The US government uses both;Council of Economic AdvisersOffice of the Legal AdviserDeputy National Security Advisor(deputy to the Presidents NSA), Legal Advisor (Office for the Administrative Review of the Detention of Enemy Combatants), that was part of the team tasked to conduct Combatant Status Review Tribunals of captives detained in Guantanamo Bay, and lawsInvestment Advisers Act of 1940. TheBureau of Educational and Cultural AffairsFulbright Programhas advisers.

Commodity trading advisor, any person who engages in the business of advising others

Financial advisor, also known as afinancial planner, a practicing professional who helps people to deal with various personal financial issues through proper planning

In the UK, this person is known as afinancial adviser

Fee-Only financial advisor, a financial advisor compensated only by their clients and accept no commissions or compensation from other sources

Financial Management Advisor, a professional designation of the Canadian Securities Institute

Investment Advisor, an individual or firm that advises clients on investment matters

Registered Investment Advisor, an individual or firm who has registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission or state regulatory agency in connection with the management of the investments of others

Tax advisor, an individual or firm expert in tax law.

Chief Advisor, the Head of State in Bangladesh during the 90-day Caretaker Government

Financial Advisor to the Chief of Staff, the head of the Budgeting Directorate of Israels Ministry of Defence

Military or combat advisors, soldiers sent to foreign nations to aid that nation with various military tasks

Ministerial Advisor, a person appointed to advise relevant minister on the highest levels of the relevant portfolio/ministry.

National Security Advisor, the chief advisor to a national government on matters of security

Royal Advisor, a person who serves as an advisor to aroyal family.

Senior Advisor, a person appointed to advise on the highest levels of national and government policy

Womens Affairs advisor, a female officer in the Israel Defense Forces, in charge of promoting freedom of opportunities for women soldiers

), a magazine which provides articles, news, and reviews relating to Internet technology

, a technology magazine for accounting and tax professionals

, an online electronic music magazine dedicated to the global dance music scene

Amaranth Advisors LLC, an American multistrategy hedge fund

Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm that develops mutual funds grounded in academic research

State Street Global Advisors, the investment management division of State Street Corporation

Dipmeter Advisor, an early system developed to aid in the analysis of data gathered during oil exploration

McAfee SiteAdvisor, an Internet service that warns users that a site may make them victims of malware or spam

MIT Design Advisor, an online tool for exploring the energy performance of building designs

Examples of the use of adviser and advisor in the media on a particular subject.

Wall Street Journal: Obama to Name Deputy National-Security

The White House: Briefing by Deputy National Security

English Wikipedia: Ben Rhodes (politician), …the current deputy national security

for strategic communication for U.S. President Barack Obama.

The Foundry: CBS News President David Rhodes is the brother of Ben Rhodes, the White House deputy national security

Yahoo News: President Barack Obamas national security

Indiana University Bloomington: Rhodes is assistant to the president and deputy national security

for strategic communications and speechwriting.

Use of advisor appeared in print in the United States in 1889, withThe Tennessee Justice and Legal Advisorby William C. Kain and Horace N. Hawkins.18The Department of Justice of the United States, Issue 15, printed 1927, by The Institute For Government Research uses both, 1. Political adviser and assistant to the President and Legal Advisor. Like all the other cabinet officers, the Attorney General is a political advisor of the President..19

Academic advisor, an employee of a college or university who helps students to select courses or anacademic major, and engaging in short term and long term educational planning (in some countries, the professor who offers a student academic/methodologic assistance to prepare the work/thesis job necessary to obtain the degree).

Doctoral advisor, an advanced member of a university faculty whose role is to guide a graduate student.

Combine Advisor, a fictional creature from theHalf-Life series.

Customer service advisor, a generic job title in the service industry, principally used in the United Kingdom

Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor, a qualification required of chemical distributors and storage companies throughout the United Kingdom relating to packing and labeling of hazardous materials

Legal advisor; that is, alawyerwho giveslegal advice

Technical advisor, an expert in a particular field of knowledge, hired to ensure that this area of knowledge is portrayed accurately in a movie

Technical Design Advisor, a person is charge of advising in technical aspects of information technology design

Definition agreed on by both professional advisors and consultants in business magazine along with functional workflow graphic.The Difference Between Consultants and Advisors

, s.vv.adviserandadvisor(subscription required).

May 26, 2014, at theWayback Machine- Retrieved 2014-05-14

. 2014-11-24.Archivedfrom the original on 2016-01-15

Office of the Press Secretary-Retrieved 2014-05-25

The Heritage Foundation- Retrieved 2014-05-25

IU Bloomington Newsroom- Retrieved 2014-05-25

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